Urine composition and function. (2017, August 6). Retrieved from https://chem.libretexts.org/Textbook_Maps/Introductory_Chemistry_Textbook_Maps/Map%3A_Fundamentals_of_General_Organic_and_Biological_Chemistry_(McMurry_et_al.)/29%3A_Body_Fluids/29.8%3A_Urine_Composition_and_Function
In those with diabetic ketoacidosis, the body uses fat to fuel the body instead of sugar or glucose. As a result, ketones or blood acids build up in the system resulting in urine that smells subtly different, accompanied by fruity breath.8
Most cleaners and odor removers work their best if you attack the problem as soon as it happens. The quicker you get to the disaster the better off you’ll be. Enzymatic solutions are particularly useful this way since fresher material will find the material more “palatable” in the immediate aftermath.
Another option: Mix a solution of 1/2 cup of hydrogen peroxide and 1 teaspoon of liquid dish detergent in a bowl. Sprinkle baking soda on the soiled area. Pour the liquid solution on the baking soda and the stain. Gently rub the area with a soft-bristled brush or cloth. Let it sit for 10 minutes (longer if the vomit has dried.) Use a towel to remove as much liquid as possible, then vacuum the area. For a tough stain, you may have to repeat these steps.
The enzymes also destroy the pheromone in the urine stain. This is something I personally have never smelled, our noses can’t, but while vinegar may rid the urine smell, it will not destroy the pheromones. Also because my husband owns a carpet store, I can tell you a lot of times people clean the carpet, but if the urine is still in the pad underneath, or the sub floor, they are chasing their tails (pun intended) you need to be sure the pad and floor are also cleaned with the enzyme cleaner.
Limit your caffeine and alcohol intake, which can irritate the lining of your bladder. Make sure your diet has plenty of magnesium, and avoid sugar (including fructose and soda) and non-fermented soy products due to their oxalate content. Finally, don’t hold it. As soon as you feel the urge to go, go! Delaying urination is detrimental to the health of your bladder due to overdistension.
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Whether it be from pet urine or a spill, once you have thoroughly removed all residue and think you have it all, place several layers of white paper towel on the freshly cleaned wet area. Next, weight the paper towel down. I use a large piece of ceramic/porcelain tile, and let it sit for about 48 hours. You will be amazed at what dries up into the paper towel instead of drying in the top fibers of your carpet.
I did get the (yuk,numerous!) clumps of pet hair on the old rug I cleaned, which for years had been vacuumed with a Dirt Devil “Vision” (Hepa filter type bagless) vacuum that I did not realize how crummy it was in light of the newer vacuums now available.
My dog had an accident in the bedroom so I pulled back the carpet cut out the underlay washed it thoroughly with normal washing detergent bleached the floorboards then laid a bin bag on the floorboards with some kitchen towels on top I placed the carpet back down and rinsed the carpet through with warm water and washing detergent replacing the towels as i went along until they were clear and the urine had gone after scrubbing and soaking up the water the smell has now gone the underlay is back down with the carpet and there is no stain or smell in sight
Joe Truini: My friend Blackie here is a sweetie pie, but she tends to leave black fur all over the rug. In this case I even vacuumed the rug, but you still can’t get up all the fur, because it gets stuck down in the fibers.
Industrial urine odor and stain remover. Comes in a 4 ounce concentrate which makes 1/2 gallon of ready to use odor and stain removal solution. New technology odor remover eliminates odors immediately and permanently on contact. Remove Urine specializes in odor and stain removal. If SUN does not eliminate the odor we will refund your money. We are committed to helping you totally eliminate your unpleasant odors and stains. For 16 years, we did odor and stain removal professionally. We will provide you with professional help and information. The biggest problem pet owners face today in eliminating urine odor is effectively locating all the urine residue. Once you have located the urine you can effectively treat it with SUN solution and remove 100% of the odor. Urine creates two different problems: 1. Odors 2. Stains. Stains are easy to find because they can be seen. The odors are more difficult because they cannot be seen. There are 5 different type stains created by urine. The best way to remove each varies. How to remove the odor. Step One: Locate all the urine residue. Step Two: Treat the urine residue with SUN solution. That’s it! If you find all the urine residue and treat it with the SUN solution it will eliminate the odor immediately, completely and permanently. To locate the urine you need to find where it was deposited and determine how far it has spread and how deep it has soaked. Again, finding all the urine residue (so it can be treated) is the key to success. A small pet weighing 5 pounds will eliminate 2 ounces of urine twice a day. In a year’s time this can add up to 11 gallons of urine. 4 ounces of urine can spread to cover an area 9 inches in diameter below the carpet surface. Step One: Find The Urine. Tools to help find the urine: 1. Eyes 2. Nose 3. Black Light 4. Moisture Detector.
The difference between them lies in the functions. The DeepClean Premier lacks the stain trapper tools and the Cleanshot trigger technology of the Deluxe, which means that the Deluxe version handles the toughest pet stains better than the Premier version.
There is also one trick which can helpful if you want to prevent repetition of the odor problem. If your dog is constantly peeing in the place you can sprinkle few drops of essential oil of apple, cinnamon or eucalyptus. This pleasant for human smell dogs do not like at all.

My daughter brought home a puppy for her birthday (a friend on her school bus surprised *her*), and we are *trying* to train him to go outside, but, more often than not, catch him going on throw rugs, or the laminate right after he’s been out. I use a diy mix to clean his messes, that has evolved since he got here, of vinegar, water, a little dish soap, now with added (just a little) bleach and Lysol.
Then, we apply our amazing odor removal product, P.U.R.T., to each stain. P.U.R.T. travels deep into the carpet pad and even the sub-floor reaching areas that typical cleaning products or process cannot reach.
Another way to use vinegar and baking soda, a staple in the green cleaning arsenal, is to mix them together in a spray bottle, said green cleaning coach Erinn Morgan, author of Picture Yourself Going Green. She suggests mixing one cup of distilled white vinegar with one cup of water and two heaping tablespoons of baking soda. Shake it up, spray it on the carpet, let it sit for five or six minutes, then gently blot it up with a fresh cloth, she said. The mixture will stay potent for a few months, so you might want to mix up a batch and keep it on hand if you have a puppy.
Carl, I just bought a house and the carpet looks great but reaks of cat urine, I do not see where the cat peed. Can I saturate entire floor and tha will take care of it? Also is it safe or do I need to wear mask or something, just want to make sure it’s safe.
Instead of purchasing expenses products, save your money and make yourself up a solution of rug cleaner in a spray bottle consisting of white vinegar and water (equal parts), dish washing liquid (a few drops). Have on hand hydrogen peroxide 3% – you can put on full strength as it’s already diluted. And some baking baking soda for later. You can also use SHOUT and Spray N Wash from your laundry room.
I would personally not use the wood pen. If it was the source of the odor, you’d probably know pretty quick by giving it a sniff. Even if it’s not, any scent that sinks into will encourage him to go there again. I recommend a commercial puppy pen (plastic or metal) or the use of a kennel/crate-at least until he’s learned he can’t potty everywhere. Much easier to clean as well. I don’t know how old he is, but if he’s quite young, he truly cannot physically control it past a certain point, so if you have to leave for long periods during the day I place a blanket or towel on one side of the pen and a potty pad on the other so they can differentiate where they potty from where they hang out. I know-people say if the area is small enough they won’t go potty where they sleep. This is not true. Plenty will, and then they traipse in it! So potty pads come in handy for keeping them out of the mess and tracking it around as well.
I have been removing pet urine and human urine professionally for 27 years with industrial strength hydrogen peroxide. we use 30% H202. you can buy 20 volume or 40 volume clear developer from a beauty supply co. this is peroxide used in bleaching hair. or buy strong peroxide from a pool store. only use on synthetic fibers, saturate carpet and pad, let dry 24 hrs. do not touch with skin til dry, shoes ok. keep pets off spot til dry. if you touch chemical wash immediately, rinse eyes for 15 minutes if contaminated, skin turns white and burns for 15 minutes after washing. the oxygen radicals will neutralize the urea, the odor,and kill the bacteria. it does not need to be rinsed. also works on red wine, blood, coffee, and mold. this is a trade secret. use enough strong peroxide it works every time.
Important. Never use ammonia or ammonia-based products on the carpet to remove pet pee. One of the ingredients of urine is ammonia and your dog or puppy may well be encouraged to re-offend in the same area if it detects the smell of ammonia. Many household cleaner cleaners contain ammonia so be sure to read the label.
Once the area is clean, make it unattractive and/or unavailable to your pet and the appropriate bathroom area attractive. As long as your pet can smell their personal scent, they will continue to return to the “accident zone.”
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CR’s take: This affordable Hoover is lightweight, inexpensive, and a good choice for those who have small carpets or area rugs. When empty, this model weighs only 12 pounds, and it weighs 20 pounds when full with a gallon of water, making it easy to move around the house. Notably, this model doesn’t come with a hose, so you might not be able to clean tight areas, such as stairs, as easily, and it doesn’t have an extra carrying handle. Overall, this Hoover is very good at cleaning your carpets and leaving them dry.
Tip: The Humane Society urges you NOT to use heavy cleaning chemicals, like ammonia or vinegar. They actually don’t remove the odor, and the strong scent of the chemicals may entice your dog to mark “his” area again (learn more about why dogs mark their territory).